Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC) is the entropy coding module in the HEVC/H video coding standard. As in its predecessor. High Throughput CABAC Entropy Coding in HEVC. Abstract: Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CAB-AC) is a method of entropy coding first introduced . Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC) is a method of entropy coding which is widely used in the next generation standard of video coding.

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These aspects are mostly related to implementation cqbac and additional requirements in terms of conformity and applicability. Other components that are needed to alleviate potential losses in coding efficiency when using small-sized slices, as further described below, were added at a later stage of the development. The other method specified in H.

### Context-Based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC) – Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute

It generates an initial state value depending on the given slice-dependent quantization parameter SliceQP using a pair of so-called initialization parameters for each model which describes a modeled linear relationship between the SliceQP and the model probability p.

Redesign of VLC tables is, however, a far-reaching structural change, which may not be justified for the addition of a single coding tool, especially if it relates to an hwvc feature only. This is the purpose of the initialization process for context models in CABAC, which operates on two levels. As an extension of this low-level pre-adaptation of probability models, CABAC provides two additional pairs of initialization parameters for each model that is used in predictive P or bi-predictive Fabac slices.

For the specific choice of context models, four basic design types are employed in CABAC, where two of them, as further described below, are applied to coding of transform-coefficient levels, only. The coding strategy of CABAC is based on the finding that a very efficient coding of syntax-element values in a hybrid block-based video coder, like components of motion vector differences or transform-coefficient level values, can be achieved by employing a binarization scheme as a kind of preprocessing unit for the subsequent stages of context modeling and binary arithmetic coding.

CABAC has multiple probability modes for different contexts. On the lower level, there is the quantization-parameter dependent initialization, which is invoked at the beginning of each slice.

Usually the addition of syntax elements also affects the distribution of already available syntax elements which, in czbac, for a VLC-based entropy-coding approach may require to re-optimize the VLC tables of the given syntax elements rather than just adding a suitable VLC code for the new syntax element s.

One of 3 models is selected for hwvc 1, based on previous coded MVD values. The design of CABAC has been highly inspired by our prior work on wavelet-based image and video coding. Probability Estimation and Binary Arithmetic Coding On the lowest level of processing in CABAC, each bin value enters the binary arithmetic encoder, either in regular or bypass coding mode.

### Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding – Wikipedia

By decomposing each syntax element value into a sequence of bins, further processing of each bin value in CABAC depends on the associated coding-mode decision, which can be either chosen as the regular or the bypass mode. The definition of the decoding process is designed to facilitate low-complexity implementations of arithmetic encoding and decoding. The arithmetic decoder is described in some detail in the Standard. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat It has three distinct properties:.

CABAC is also cabsc to parallelize and vectorize, so other forms of parallelism such as spatial region parallelism may be coupled with its use.

Arithmetic coding is finally applied to compress the data. On the lowest level of processing in CABAC, each bin value enters the binary arithmetic encoder, either in regular or bypass coding mode. As an important design hhevc, the latter case is generally applied to the most frequently observed bins only, whereas the other, usually less frequently observed bins, will be treated using a joint, typically zero-order probability model.

## Context-Based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC)

Binarization The coding strategy of CABAC is based on the finding that a very efficient coding of syntax-element values in a hsvc block-based video coder, like components of motion vector differences or transform-coefficient level values, can be achieved by employing a binarization scheme as a kind of preprocessing unit for the subsequent stages of context modeling and binary hebc coding.

Retrieved from ” https: The context modeling provides estimates of conditional probabilities of the coding symbols.

Update the context models. Utilizing suitable context models, a given inter-symbol redundancy can be exploited by switching between different probability models according to czbac symbols in the neighborhood of the current symbol to encode.

## Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding

Note however that the actual transition rules, as tabulated in CABAC and as shown in the graph above, were determined to be only approximately equal to those derived by this exponential aging rule.

Since the encoder can choose between the corresponding three tables of initialization parameters and signal its choice to the decoder, an additional degree of pre-adaptation is achieved, especially in the case of using small slices at low to medium bit rates.

The selected context model supplies two probability estimates: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Coding of residual data in CABAC involves specifically designed syntax elements that are different from those used in the traditional run-length pre-coding approach.

CABAC is notable for providing much better compression than most other entropy encoding algorithms used in video encoding, and it is one of the key elements that cabav the H. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.