: Counterinsurgency: FM () (): U.S. Army, Lt. General David Petraeus, Lt. General James F Amos: Books. This field manual/Marine Corps warfighting publication establishes doctrine ( fundamental principles) for military operations in a counterinsurgency (COIN). REVISION OF JOINT PUBLICATION DATED 22 Added discussion on criminal networks within counterinsurgency operations.
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Print Save Cite Email Share. Counterinsurgency operations generally have been neglected in broader American military doctrine and national security policies since the end of the Vietnam War over 30 years ago.
Classical, Early, and Medieval Plays and Playwrights: Department of the Army. Compared to this, except for some references to the Hmong, a scholar of Vietnam might entirely omit any discussion of ethnicity, indicating a fundamental difference between those conflicts. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service.
FM ? Why US Counterinsurgency Doctrine Needs an Update – Modern War Institute
Is COIN just as applicable in ethnic conflicts as in non-ethnic ones? The Army Field ManualCounterinsurgencyprovided a much-needed course change for American forces in Iraq and Afghanistan by focusing the attention of commanders on factors that are not traditionally the concern of the American military.
Comments will be moderated before posting to ensure logical, professional, and courteous application to article content. To troubleshoot, counterinsurgenct check our FAQsand if you can’t find the answer there, please contact us. Department of the Army Date: Share on Facebook Share. Doctrine by definition is broad in scope and involves principles, tactics, techniques, and procedures applicable worldwide. Rule of Law in War: Disclaimer The articles and other content which appear on the Modern War Institute website are unofficial expressions of opinion.
Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO countreinsurgency personal use for details see www.
Still, the LLOs are in line with the overall theory that lack of state capacity leads to state illegitimacy, which in turn leads to insurgency. Follow Us Facebook Youtube Twitter 14, followers.
FM 3-24-2.0? Why US Counterinsurgency Doctrine Needs an Update
If, however, we believe that ethnic conflicts are different than non-ethnic ones, then we risk being not only unproductive, but counter-productive.
If insurgents are Sunni Arabs counterinsufgency are afraid that a Shiite-dominated government will persecute them, strengthening that government will not solve the problem; in fact, it will exacerbate the problem because Sunni Arabs will have a valid reason to fear and resist the central government that we are building.
Classical, Early, and Medieval Poetry and Poets: Looking at the only LLO to get its own chapter in the FMWorking with Host Nation forces, we can see one area where our recommendations might be very different in an ethnic counterinsuregncy than in a revolutionary struggle. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
Consider also information operations, the LLO that ties all other LLOs together; FM rightly emphasizes the importance of messaging in countering any form of insurgency. If it is a neighborhood that is dominated by the government-aligned ethnic group, this could be a propaganda coup for the insurgents.
The views expressed in this article counterindurgency those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Dm, the Department of Defense, or the US government.
Stephen Biddle, for example, made this point explicitly in FMmilitary doctrineFM Army Field Manual Having radio broadcasters or news anchors who are uniformly of one ethnic group would send a clear message about whom the Americans are aligned with.
One criticism of focusing on ethnicity might be that deal-making between ethnic groups needs to be accomplished at a higher level than the military is responsible for. Most military participants in the US intervention in Iraq would find it hard to describe the course of events without reference to Sunnis, Shiites, and Kurds. Al Qaeda in Iraq was defeated not when the central government was strengthened, but when the sheikhs were co-opted and their young men integrated into local police units during the Awakening; this deal-making with mid-level elites and devolution of power is not envisaged by the current COIN doctrine.
Thus, this publication is not focused on any region or country and is not intended to be a standalone reference.
Background to FM 3-24
Search my Subject Specializations: And certainly, if there is no fundamental difference between ethnic and non-ethnic wars, then the prescriptions we make in both cases should be the same. In the case of an ethnically divided polity, a government might be seen as illegitimate not because it is weak as COIN theory would predict but because it is dominated by one ethnic group. Upcoming Events There are no upcoming events at this time. The most pertinent question in a revolutionary war would simply be how to provide the maximum benefit at the lowest cost, but this is obviously wholly inadequate when individual loyalties are influenced more by group identity than by beliefs about government effectiveness.
The views expressed are those of the authors, and do not reflect the official position of the United States Military Academy, Department of the Army, or Department of Defense. The only LLO that gets its own chapter is developing host nation forces chapter 6underlining the importance of state capability and belying the claim that information operations is the most important LLO.
It is based on lessons learned from previous counterinsurgencies and contemporary operations. This manual is designed to reverse that trend.